Social Institutions: Continuity And Change

Social Institutions: Continuity And Change

Question

Discuss the problems of the scheduled castes.

Answer

Problems of the scheduled castes (i) A majority of Dalits are poor, deprived of basic needs and socially backward. Many among them do not have access to sufficient amount of food, healthcare, housing and clothing. Moreover, caste inequalities continue to be among the most important factors affecting their access to education.

(ii) Dalits generally continue to be concentrated in occupations that render little social status or possibility for social mobility.

(iii) Practice of untouchability and social-exclusion are still continuing in some areas regardless of constitutional guarantees and official decrees.

(iv) Scheduled castes as a group are not homogeneous. They are internally differentiated in terms of occupation, numerical strength, geographical spread over and ritual status. But together they are segregated from other castes on the criteria of untouchability.

(v) The majority of the scheduled castes in villages continue to suffer because they work under the control of the dominant castes and the landlords.

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