Social Institutions: Continuity And Change

Social Institutions: Continuity And Change


Describe the different degrees of kinship relationships.


Degrees of kinship relationship : There can be different degrees of distance between the kins. The relationship may be very close, not so close, distant, remote and so on. On this basis, kinship relatives can be classified into the following categories.
(i) Primary kinship relatives : Who belongs to the same nuclear family as a particular person viz. the individual's father, mother, brother and sister in the family of orientation and husband, wife, son and daughter in the family of procreation are called primary kinship relatives.
(ii) Secondary kinship relatives : Grand father, Grandmother, Aunt (father's sister) brother's wife, sister's husband etc.
(iii) Tertiary Relatives : Each secondary relative has primary relatives who are neither primary nor secondary relatives of the individual. These are tertiary relatives. The great grand parents, father's cousins, spouses of father's, uncles, aunts, nephews and nieces
(iv) Distant Relatives : (a) All other relatives who are remote than tertiary relatives called distant relatives (b) For all practical purposes, the relatives upto tertiary degree are normally found in interaction among themselves. Very few people remember remote relatives unless they are remembered for establishing the ancestry. In modern industrialised societies, tertiary relatives are only seen in contact with each-other. We can say that the most common range of kinship structure today is upto secondary relatives.

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