Social Institutions: Continuity And Change

Social Institutions: Continuity And Change

Question

What are the factors behind the assertion of tribal identities today?

Answer

(i) Schemes for tribal development are being implemented. These are five yean plans, tribal sub-plans, tribal welfare blocks, special multipurpose area schemes etc.

(ii) Tribal movements against their eviction and extermination from the forest lands in the name of development are the major factors behind the assertion of tribal identities. Narmada Bachao Andolan is one of the examples of tribal movements.

(iii) Many tribal identities today are centred on ideas of resistance and opposition to the overwhelming force of non-tribal world.

(iv) Many states in North-East includir Manipur or Nagaland are with tribals whose civil liberties have been limited under special laws in which they have been declared as disturbed areas. State repression is provoking rebellions which has taken a heavy toll on the economy, culture and society of the North-Eastern States.

(v) In states like Jharkhand and Chattisgarh, tribals still are powerless because autonomy is not given to larger structures.

(vi) Educated middle class is emerging among tribal communities. Thus, different base are growing for the assertion of tribal identity

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