Social Institutions: Continuity And Change

Social Institutions: Continuity And Change

Question

Write in brief the major changes that took place in caste system during colonial period?

Answer

Colonial period is worked out roughly of 150 years from 1800 to 1947 CE. Following changes took place in this social institution i.e. caste system:

(i) Today's caste is actually the product of colonial period more than of ancient Indian tradition.

(ii) British administrators intended to know the complexities of caste in order to learn a viable methodology to rule over India.

(iii) In the first census conducted in 1860, they enlisted and collected data on caste-wise population.

(iv) This kind of direct attempt to count caste and to officially record caste status had changed the caste system itself.

(v) Caste-dimensions were made basis for different schemes hence, these efforts from the British gave birth to discrimination between several castes and sub-castes.

Thus, a fundamental change took place in caste system during colonial period.

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