Social Institutions: Continuity And Change

Social Institutions: Continuity And Change

Question

Discuss tribal development in the process of National Development.

Answer

Just contrary relationship is being formed between the development of tribal communities and the development plans being implemented by the government of India. We can discuss upon this anomaly in the following points.

(i) Building of large dams, factories and mines in areas under forests are some aspects of development where these are indirectly usurping tribal habitations.

(ii) Tribal are being paid a disproportion ate compensation against their displacement from mineral rich and forest covered parts of the country. These plans have therefore, benefited to mainstream but at the expense of the tribes.

(iii) Private properties have also been developed in tribal regions and their community based forms of collective ownership have been placed at a disadvantage in this new system of private property.

(iv) Owing to pressure of development, many tribal concentrated regions and states are experiencing the problem of heavy in-migration of non-tribals there E.g. the industrial areas of Jharkhand have suffered a dilution of the tribal share of population and same situation can be seen in tribal regions falling in Tripura and Arunachal Pradesh.

Conclusion : On the basis of above four facts, we can state that national development is not in favour of the development of tribal communities. Instead, these plans are decimating tribal population, interfering with their unique culture and customs and therefore, movements are being launched by the tribals of North-Eastern states in India.

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