Environment and Society

Environment and Society

Question

Describe in your own words what do you understand by the term ‘ecology’? 

Answer
Ecology : (i) All societies have an ecological basis. The term ecology denotes the web of physical and biological systems and processes of which humans are one element.

(ii) Mountains and rivers, fauna that they support, are a part of ecology.

(iii) The ecology of a place is also affected by the interaction between its geography and hydrology. For example, the plant and animal life unique to a desert is adapted to its scare rainfall, rocky or sandy soils, and extreme temperatures.

(iv) Similar ecological factors limit and shape how human beings can live in any particular place.

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