The Challenges of Cultural Diversity

The Challenges of Cultural Diversity

Question

Why are states often suspicious of cultural diversity?

Answer

(i) Cultural diversity may go beyond the loyalty to the nation or nation state because people have stronger sense of identity with their community i.e. ethnic, religious, linguistic community.

(ii) Recognition of cultural diversity may lead to social fragmentation and a harmonious society in that circumstances, cannot be created.

(iii) Assimilation policy of state may also become harmful. Hence, states resort to either suppressing these diverse identities or ignore them in the political domain.

(iv) Cultural diversity leaves no particular way for the state to implement strictly policies of assimilation and integration. The former try to erode cultural differences between groups. (i.e. ethnic, religious or linguistic) but it is difficult through passing any legislation as it would certainly be protested by one or other group. The latter seeks to assert a single national identity by attempting to eliminate ethno-nation and cultural differences from public by drawing them in the private domain but in that effort, the majority group who will become predominant shall have to bear the brunt of strong protest from other minority groups.

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