The Story of Indian Democracy

The Story of Indian Democracy

Question

Discuss the responsibility of Panchayats.

Answer

Panchayats have been given the power and authorities to enable them to function as institutions of self-government. There are two major areas which have been identified for this purpose. They are:

(i) The preparation of plans for economic development and social justice, and

(ii) The implementation of scheme for economic development and social justice.

The eleventh Schedule of the Constitution has listed some subjects concerninig the above schemes that may be undertaken by Panchayats at different levels. Some major functions are the following:

(1) Functions concerning agriculture, animal husbandry, fisheries, minor irrigation, watershed development, land improvement, implementation of land reforms undertaken by the state government.

(2) Panchayats had to work for the success of land consolidation, cooperative farming and social forestry also.

(3) Panchayats should work protection, promotion and development of small scale industries and cottage industries.

(4) Panchayats should functions for promotion of khadi.

(5) Panchayats should functions for provision and supply of drinking water, health and sanitation.

(b) Panchayats should undertake rural housing schemes, roads, bridges, etc.

(7) Lighting of streets and rural electrification.

(8) Panchayats should function and undertake poverty alleviation programmes.

(9) Panchayats should work for promoting education including primary and secondary schools. They are authorised to levy collection and appropriate taxes and fees.

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