Social Change and Social Order In Rural and Urban Society

Social Change and Social Order In Rural and Urban Society

Question

Discuss the technological factor of social change.

Answer
The Technological Factor of Social Change :

1. Technological advancement is one of the important reasons of social change in a society. Social change is more quick in technologically advanced societies.

2. In a traditional society, changes are very slow. Technological innovation, discoveries and diffusion accelerate the speed of social change in traditional society.

3. Developments, advancements and changes in human societies, have been historically based on changes in technology. Early man had simple technology and the society was also very simple.

4. Complexity in social structure grows along with advancement in technology. Earlier, animal power- based technology changed into industrial technology. Accordingly, society advanced from simple to complex social structures.

5. Before the Industrial Revolution simple family-based production system was characterised by manual labour. This has slowly changed to present-day production system based on industrial technology. Now production is no longer confined to family boundaries.

6. Due to advancement in technology simple division of labour of the traditional societies has changed into complex form of division of labour.

7. Complex form of division of labour has helped in the developedment of occupational specialization. Development of occupational specialization has divided the population of a society into a number of group.

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