Social Change and Social Order In Rural and Urban Society

Social Change and Social Order In Rural and Urban Society

Question

Discuss the Factors of Social Change.

Answer
Factors of Social Change :

1. Several Factors : Social change takes place due to several factors. Some of the factors of change are internal to the society concerned, while others are external.

2. Different Theories : Some theories of social change put stress on the role played by people in modifying the social structure. These theories suggest that people always try to find solutions to their problems and these solutions produce social change.

3. Natural Forces : Some other theories are deterministic. They stress the impact of such forces of change on society as are beyond human control. Some of these forces are natural disasters (e.g., flood, drought, famine, epidemic, earthquake) and unexpected developments in technology.

4. Conclusion : Some other theories combine both the above suferred explanations (see above given points 2 & 3) of change. For example Karl Marx felt technological changes are outside human control. But he also said that classes had to be aware of their interests and then they would engage in revolutionary action. Such revolutionary actions could produce social change are 1. environment, 2. population, 3. technology, 4. beliefs and diffusion.

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