Environment and Society

Environment and Society

Question

Explain why environmental problems are simultaneously social problems.

Answer
1. Man is a social beings He/she lakes birth lives and dies in society. Society faced environment without environment we can not imagine people and society. People, society and environment are interrelated. It is true that environment problems are the problems of the society. Society creates and solve the environmenal problems.

2. How environmetal problems affect different groups is a function of social inequality. Social status and power determine the extent to which people can insulate themselves from environmntal crises or overcome it. In some cases, their ‘solutions’ may actually worsen environmental disparities.

3. In Kutch, Gujarat, where water is scarce, richer farmers have invested in deep bore tubewells to tap groundwater to irrigate their fields and grow cash crops. When the rain fails, the earthen wells of the poor villagers run dry and they do not even have water to drink. At such time, the moist green fields of the rich farmers seem to mock them.

4. Certain environmental concerns sometimes appear to be universal concerns, not particular to specific social groups. For instance, reducing air pollution or protecting biodiversity seem to be in the public interests.

5. A sociological analysis shows, however, that how public priorities are set and how they are pursued may not be universally beneficial. Securing the public interest may actually serve the interests of particular politically and economically powerful groups, or hurt the interests of the poor and politically weak. As the debates over large dams and around protected area show the environment as a public interest is a hotly contested arena.

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