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Honeydew Chapter 3 Glimpses Of The Past | Macavity : The Mystery Cat
  • NCERT Solution For Class 8 English Honeydew

    Glimpses Of The Past | Macavity : The Mystery Cat Here is the CBSE English Chapter 3 for Class 8 students. Summary and detailed explanation of the lesson, including the definitions of difficult words. All of the exercises and questions and answers from the lesson's back end have been completed. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Glimpses Of The Past | Macavity : The Mystery Cat Chapter 3 NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Glimpses Of The Past | Macavity : The Mystery Cat Chapter 3 The following is a summary in Hindi and English for the academic year 2021-2022. You can save these solutions to your computer or use the Class 8 English.

    Question 1
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    Look at picture 1 and recall the opening lines of the original song in Hindi. Who is the singer? Who else do you see in this picture?

    Solution

    The original song in Hindi is 'Ae mere watan ke logon ...' The singer is Lata Mangeshkar.

    Pnadit Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi and Bahadur shah Zafar, Rani Laxmi Bai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Lala Lajapt Rai, Bhagat singh, Subhash Chnadra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi are in the upper half of the picture.

    Question 2
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    In picture 2 what do you understand by the Company’s “superior weapons”?

    Solution

    The superior weapons of the company mean that the company has the recent weapons and weapons, while the Indian princess used to battle with swords and spears.

    Question 3
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    Who is an artisan? Why do you think the artisans suffered? (picture 3)

    Solution

    A artisan is a individual who produces products that may be functional or purely decorative. The artisans endured because the British extracted very high taxes from them, which economically destroyed them. In addition, excellent imported machines from Britain were sold widely at low prices that finished the hand-mads products company.

    Question 4
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    Which picture, according to you, reveals the first sparks of the fire of revolt?

    Solution

    Picture 7, reveals the first sparks of the revolt flame, though all the conditions of the past contributed to the revolt, but Mangal Pandey's outburst led to the revolt.

    Question 5
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    Do you think the Indian princes were short-sighted in their approach to the events of 1757?

    Solution

    Yes, in their attitude to the events of 1757, the Indian princes were short-sighted. They had inner rivalries and to settle those they gave more priorities.

    Question 6
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    How did the East India Company subdue the Indian Princes?

    Solution

    The East India Company was fitted with superior guns that intrigued Indian princes to settle against each other in their rivalries. They thus become dependent on and subdued by the East India Company.

    Question 7
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    Quote the words used by Ram Mohan Roy to say that every religion teaches the same principles.

    Solution

    'Cows are different colors but the color of their milk is the same,' Ram Mohan Roy said. 'Similarly different religious preachers may sound different but their real meaning and lesson is always the same.

    Question 8
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    In what ways did the British officers exploit Indians?

    Solution

    In many ways, British exploited Indians.

    i)British taxes on farmers risen.
    ii)In order to help British products gain a grip on the Indian market, British decreased import duties. This resulted to joblessness among local craftsmen.
    iii)By using the fat of cows and pigs in bullet grease, they spread discontent and revolt among the Indians.

    Question 9
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    Question 10
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    The person who wanted to reform the society

    Solution

    Raja Ram Mohan Roy

    Question 12
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    Two popular leaders who led the revolt (choice may vary).

    Solution

    Mangal Pandey, Tatya Tope.

    Question 13
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    Two examples of social practices prevailing then?

    Solution

    (i) Child marriage
    (ii) Sati Pratha

    Question 14
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    Two oppressive policies of the British.

    Solution

    British's two oppressive policies:

    (i) Taxes on highland incomes

    (ii) Without trial, the Indians could be sent to trial in a court.

    Question 15
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    Two ways in which common people suffered.

    Solution

    Two ways of suffering common people:

    (a) Due to cheaper imports from England, people lost their livelihood.

    (b) More taxes on farmers drove them out of their land.

    Question 16
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    Four reasons for the discontent that led to the 1857 War of Independence.

    Solution

    Four reasons for the discontent that led to the War of Independence in 1857:
    (i) Pittance and slow promotions were provided to the Indians in government jobs.
    (ii) They took from the farmers heavy tax that destroyed them.
    (iii) They grabbed the ancient rulers ' kingdom.
    (iv) They cut the thumbs of skilled craftsmen and imported British products without India's import duty.

    Question 17
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    In comics what the characters speak is put in bubbles. This is direct narration. When we report what the characters speak, we use the method of indirect narration. 

    Study these examples.

    First farmer: Why are your men taking away the entire crop?
    Second farmer: Your men have taken away everything.

    Officer: You are still in arrears. If you don’t pay tax next week, I’ll send you to jail.
    The first farmer asked the officer why his men were taking away the entire crop.
    The second farmer said that their men had taken away everything.

    The officer replied that they were still in arrears and warned them that if they did not pay tax the following week, he (the officer) would send them (the farmers) to jail.

    1. Change the following sentences into indirect speech.

    (i) First man: We must educate our brothers.
    Second man: And try to improve their material conditions.
    Third man: For that we must convey our grievances to the British Parliament. The

    first man said that ______________________________________________
    The second man added that ______________________________________
    The third man suggested that ____________________________________

    (ii) First soldier: The white soldier gets huge pay, mansions and servants.
    Second soldier: We get a pittance and slow promotions.
    Third soldier: Who are the British to abolish our customs?

    The first soldier said that _______________________________________ 
    The second soldier remarked that ________________________________
    The third soldier asked _________________________________________

    Solution

    (i) The first person said they had to teach their brothers.
    The second person added they had to attempt to enhance their material conditions.
    The third person proposed they had to forward their grievances to the British Parliament.
    (ii) The first soldier said that the white soldier receives huge pay, mansions and servants.
    The second soldier noted that they receive pittance and slow promotions.
    The third soldier requested who the British were to abolish their customs.

    Question 18
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    Read the first stanza and think.

    (i) Is Macavity a cat really?
    (ii) If not, who can Macavity be?

    Solution

    (i) No, it's not a cat Macavity. The cat is just the master criminal's depiction.
    (ii) The poet wasn't talking about Macavity as a cat. He has just provided a poetic form to use the cat to refer to a fierce and very smart criminal. As a cat does, he commits the crime in a cunning, quiet way.

    Question 19
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    Complete the following sentences. 

    A master criminal is one who ___________________

    Solution

    A criminal master is one who can challenge the law.

    Question 20
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    Complete the following sentences. 

    The Scotland Yard is baffled because ___________________

    Solution

    The Scotland Yard is baffled because they have not been able to capture Macavity as it is never baffled on the crime scene.

    Question 21
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    Complete the following sentences. 

    ___________________ because Macavity moves much faster than them. 3. “A cat, I am sure, could walk on a cloud without coming through”.

    Solution

    'The police never find Macavity on the crime scene because Macavity moves much quicker than they do. 3.' I'm sure a cat could walk on a cloud without going through it.

    Question 22
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    “A cat, I am sure, could walk on a cloud without coming through”. (Jules Verne) Which law is Macavity breaking in the light of the comment above?

    Solution

    'A cat, I am sure, could walk on a cloud without coming through'. Macavity breaches the law of gravity in this row.

    Question 23
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    Read stanza 3, and then, describe Macavity in two or three sentences of your own.

    Solution

    Macavity is a cat in the color of ginger. He's tall and thin and with his sunken eyes you can recognize him ; deeply lined brow and heavily doomed head. He never looks after his clothes. With negligence, his coat is dusty. He's never beating his whiskers. He moves like a serpent and is broad awake at all times.

    Question 25
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    Having read the poem, try to guess whether the poet is fond of cats. If so, why does he call Macavity a fiend and monster?

    Solution

    Yes, the poet is fond of cats. He's impressed with Macavity's ability and intelligence. Macavity is the smartest cat capable of committing crime by defying the legislation. He called Macavity a fiend and monster for wanting to depict an evil side.

    Question 26
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    Has the poet used exaggeration for special effect? Find a few examples of it and read those lines aloud.

    Solution

    Yes, the poet has used exaggeration for special effects. For example

    (i) He is breaking the gravity law. His levitation forces would turn into a fakir stare.
    (ii) He is a friend, a feline form, a monster of depravity. < br>(iii) He is the criminal master who can challenge the law..

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