The Challenges of Cultural Diversity

The Challenges of Cultural Diversity

Question

Why is it difficult to define the nation? How are nation and state related in modern society?

Answer

Nation—an entity difficult to define.

(i) Many nations are founded on the basis of shared religion, language, ethnicity, history or regional culture but it is difficult to say that each nation will possess all these constituents. Eg. India. Here is found cultural diversity, ethnic diversity and diverse religions.

(ii) There are languages, religions or ethinicity used across the many nations but those cannot make a nation Eg. English is spoken in almost all countries and there are Christians but that do not form a nation there.

(iii) Thus, we see that conceptually there seems to be no hard distinction as any of the other types of community can one day from a nation but conversely, no particular kind of community can be guaranteed to form a nation.

On the basis of the above three points, it is easy to describe the nation as common cultural, historical and political institution form collectively, an entity of nation but difficulty arises in giving its precise and accurate definition.

Relationship of nation and state in modern society.

(i) Nations are communities that have a state of their own.

(ii) There is one to one bond between nation and state i.e. one nation-one state or one state-one nation.

(iii) Establishment of democracy and nationalism are the sources of a state formation in modern society. The nation is the most accepted for a state while the people and the ultimate source of legitimacy of the nation. It means state needs nation more than a nation needs a state.

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