The Challenges of Cultural Diversity

The Challenges of Cultural Diversity

Question

Mention the difference in share of cultural minorities in total population of India and that in states.

Answer

Following data available from 2001 census reveals the relative difference in share of cultural minorities in the total population of India and in states—

(a) Share of cultural minorities in total population of the country—

(i) Hindus—80.5% i.e. 828 millions —the majority

(ii) Muslims—13.4% i.e. 138 millions

(iii) Christians—2.3% i.e. 24 millions

(iv) Sikhs—1.9% i.e. 19 million

(v) Buddhists—0.8% i.e. 8 millions

(vi) Jains—0.4% i.e. 4 million

(vii) Other religions and sects—0.7% i.e. 7 millions.

(Total Population = 1028 million)

(b) State-wise share in population

(i) Muslism — majority in Jammu and Kashmir. A quite good share in the population of West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Rajasthan.

(ii) Christians — Majority in Nagaland (90%), Mizoram (97%) and Meghalaya (70%). Their's sizable share in Goa (27%) and Kerala (19%).

(iii) Sikhs — Majority in Punjab (60%) and Scattered across the country.

(iv) Buddhists — Sikkim (28%), Arunachal Pradesh (13%), Maharashtra (6%)

(v) Jains — Maharashtra (1.3%), Rajasthan (12%) and Gujarat (1%)

Conclusion : As Hindus are scaterred in a number of sects, sub-groups, castes and sub-caste, they cannot be treated as majority while Muslisms are actually in majority. This is the reason, honorable Supreme Court has recently disclosed this fact and ordered not to treat them as unprivileged minority.

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