Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion

Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion


What are the major issues taken up by the women’s movement over its


Issues over History of women’s movement - Taken up today

(i) Social reformers like Dayanand Saraswati and Sir Syed Ahmed Khan were also being men, they did not take up the women issues properly. Todays women movements refute their stand that recommands - education for girl but their area of activities confined within precincts of their homes (Sir Syed Ahmed Khan) and - curriculum comprising instruction to girls in religious principles, training in the arts of house keeping and handicrafts and rearing of children (Dayanand Saraswati). It is stated that those reform were not right in favouring girl’s education at one hand while limitations on the other.

(ii) It is often assumed that so far the social reform for women’s rights was entirely fought for by male reformers who could not able to interpret ideas of women’s equality in full and absolute manner.

(iii) Women’s movements are intended to establish a matriarchal state in which inversion of role is demanded as per Sultana’s Dream (1950 CE). This short story imagines a lady land where men live in veils and perform domestic or household chores (i.e. kitchen duty, rearing children etc.). She imagines the state will become free from sin and crimes if matriarchal system is established.

(iv) Stree Purush Tulna, written by Tarabai Shinde condemns in harsh words the double standards of a male dominated society. It has dissected male malaise for females and put on table, the viruses so far introduced in their head and hearts.

(v) These women movements disclose the stark reality that the inequalities between man and women are social rather than natural. They substantiate this plea by saying irrespective of less numbers, women are in position of public power hence, those are capable to shoulder responsibilities better than men. However, gender bias resists them at each step. Moreover, they place example of matrilineal societies of Kerala (the Nairs) and Meghalaya (the Khasis), African societies where women are successful traders in order to establish the fact that it is society which has generated inequality and exclusion in case of women much alike the caste and class.

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