Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion

Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion

Question

How are the OBC different from the Dalits (or scheduled castes)?

Answer

(i) OBC’s are not any particular group like SC and ST but individuals from all communities whose standard of living is below poverty line.

(ii) OBC’s have been scheduled in constitution of India through 93rd Amendment w.e.f 2006 and these classes are recognised since the early 1990s. Such is not in case of SC and ST who have been recognised by Government Of India Act, 1935 during colonial India.

(iii) There is a tough procedure for OBC candidate to establish him in this category while SC and ST’s are unconditionally recognised.

(iv) The proportion of reserved seats is equal to the percentage share of the scheduled castes and tribes in the total population but for OBCs this proportion is decided differently.

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