Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion

Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion


How is social inequality different from the inequality of individuals?


(i) Individual inequality is seen as difference in age, intellectual powers and physical power and in physical appearance e.g. white or dark complexion while social inequality is seen in the form of caste system, race, profession/ avocation, rituals, culture, language etc.

(ii) Individual inequality is natural while social inequality is artificial and due to certain hierarchy and kinship.

(iii) Individual inequality can be removed when so desired by an individual. For an instance, today’s dull student can become tomorrow’s intelligent if he would concentrate him in study. However, social inequality cannot be removed as it is ascriptive since birth of individual.

(iv) Individual inequality acts as distinct part of a machine that produces a certain object/product through its proportionate participation. In other words, it is phenomenon of individual difference that runs smoothly an organisation, institution by recruiting individuals of distinct abilities and expertise.

The social inequality sows the seeds of separatism, malice and enmity. Communal riots, conflicts and even massacre are the result of social inequalities.

(v) Individual inequality establishes harmony, reconciliation and oneness in the society while social inequalities end in conflicts and differences at physical, mental and emotional levels of individuals. Thus, all round growth of individual is retarded and choked in seethe and emotional disbalance.

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