Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion

Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion

Question

Describe the recognition/ enlisting, interpretation, status, population and various developments the scheduled castes people have so far seen.

Answer

Scheduled caste is a political term coined by the Simon Commission appointed by the British Government in 1927 CE and then incorporated in the government of India Act, 1935. During post-independence period, it was adopted by Constitution of India for the purpose of prowiding them some special privileges under compensatory discrimination policy.

Condition in Society : Scheduled castes people are still facing a number of problems in social hierarchy of India. A majority of dalits are poor, deprived of basic needs and socially backward. Many people of Dalit groups do not have access to sufficient food, health care, housing and clothing. Moreover, caste inequalities continue to be among the most important factors affecting their access to education.

Institutional schemes for welfare : Welfare of SC is high on the agenda of the government. As per 2001 census, their population is 16.66 crore i.e. 16.23 percent of the country's total population i.e. 102.64 crore. Persons belonging to this schedule are regarded socially, educatinally and economically backward sections in the society.

Government of India has constitutional a National commitee for SCs and safai Karam-charis and passed Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 and the Scheduled Castes And Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989. Scholarship pre-matric and matric, Hostel facilities, National overseas scholarship etc. are provided to SCs children.

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