The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society

The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society

Question

Mention the National Socio-demographic goals proposed by National Commission on Population for 2010 by the government of India.

Answer

These goals can be summed-up as under:

(i) To address the needs for basic reproductive and child health services, supplies and infra structure.

(ii) To make school education up to age 14 free and compulsory and to reduce drop outs at primary and secondary school levels to below 20% for both boys and girls.

(iii) To reduce infant mortality rate to below 30 per 1000 live births.

(iv) To reduce maternal mortality ratio to below 100 per two 1000 live births.

(v) To achieve universal immunisation of children against all vaccine preventable diseases.

(vi) To promote delayed marriage for girls not earlier than age of 18 and preferably after 20 years of age.

(vii) To achieve universal access to information counselling and services for fertility regulation and contraception with a wide basket of choice (viz. several devices) to choose any of them)

(ix) To achieve cent-percent registration of births, deaths, marriage and pregnancy.

(x) to contain the spread of Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and to promote greater integration between the management of Reproductive Tract Infections (RTI) and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) and the national AIDS control organisation.

(xi) To prevent and control communicable diseases.

(xii) To integrate Indian Systems of medicine (ISM) in the provision of reproductive and child health services and in reaching out to households.

(xiii) To promote vigorously, the small family norm to achieve replacement levels of Total Fertility Rate (TFR).

(xiv) To bring about convergence in implementation of related social sector programmes so that family welfare becomes a people centred programme.

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