The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society

The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society

Question

Read the following Age group Pyramids pertaing to the age structure of the population and answer the questions that follow :

Percentage of Population Age group Pyramid of India for 1961

Percentage of Population Age group PYramid of India

Percentage of Population Age group Pyramid of India for 2001

Percentage of Population Projected Age group Pyramid of India for 2026

(i) Where will the 0-4 age group of 1961 be located in the pyramids for the later years?

(ii) Where-in which age group-is the widest part of the pyramid as you move from 1961 to 2026?

(iii) What do you think the shape of the pyramid might be in the year 2051 and 3001?

Answer

(i) This group will be located at pyramid of 1981 in the age group of 25-29 years and in the age group of 45-49 years in 2001. Moreover, it will be in the age group of 70-74 years at the projected pyramid for 2026.

(ii) In the pyramid for 1961, the widest part is that of 0-4 years age group in case of females while age group of 0-4 years and 05-09 years in case of males, it is age group of 05-09 years in both cases of males and females in the pyramids of 1981 and 2001 and it is age group of 30-34 years in both cases of males and females in 2026.

(iii) The shape of pyramid in 2051 might be just reverse to the pyramid of 2001 i.e. 80 years shall get the shape as that of 0-4 years and its bottom (i.e. 0-4 years) shall shrink as the top we see in 2001. In another 49 years /later (i.e. in 3001) the position of the pyramid shall get the reversion of the position as we see in the pyramid of 1961 CE.

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