The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society

The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society

Question

Refer to sample survey report of 2004 published by government of India and explain the achievements of National Family welfare programme so far made.

Answer

Achievements of National Family welfare programme in half a century.

(i) Crude birth rate has been reduced from 40.8 of 1951 to 24.1 in 2004.

(ii) Reduction in infant mortality rate from 146 per 1000 live births of 1951 to 581 per 100 live birth in 2014

(iii) Couple protection rate has been increased four times from 10.4% of 1971 to 44% in 1999.

(iv) Crude death rate has been reduced from 25 of 1951 to 7.5% in 2004.

(v) Life expectancy has increased from 37 years to 62 years i.e., 25 years.

(vi) Cent per cent public awareness has been created for the need and methods of family planning.

(vii) Total fertility rate has been halved from 6 of 1951 to 3 in 2004.

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