The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society

The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society

Question

What are the characteristics of Malthusian approach to population?

Answer

Thomas Robert Malthus was an English economist who looked at the problems of population from the demographic point of view. This perspective is based on the empirical work conducted by Malthus and others mainly in European countries. The main features of this perspective are as given hereunder—

Population has a natural tendency to increase which is faster than the level of subsistence because—

(i) Mankind has an inherent tendency to reproduce.

(ii) The means of production mainly the land has the limited capacity for subsistence production of food and agro-products.

There is an antagonism between the power of population and the power of the earth to provide with means of subsistence. The former has the protential to increase faster than the latter (subsistence). There are two unequal powers.

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