The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society

The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society

Question

Read the following data showing declining trend in Sex-Ratio for all age groups and that of child sex-ratio during the 20th century in India and answer the questions that follow—

The Declining Sex-Ratio in India, 1901-2001

Year

Sex-ratio (All age groups)

Variation over previous decase

Child-sex ratio (0-6 year)

Variation over previous decade

1901

1911

1921

1931

1941

1951

1961

1971

1981

1991

2001

972

964

995

950

945

946

941

930

934

927

933

__

-8

-9

-5

-5

+1

-5

-11

+4

-7

+6

__

__

__

__

__

__

976

964

962

945

927

__

__

__

__

__

__

__

-12

-2

-17

-18

Sex-ratio = number of females per 1000 males.

(i) Why has been the column of child-sex ratio left blank upto 1961 CE in this table?

(ii) What may be the reason for growth in sex ratio (all age groups) in 2001 CE?

(iii) Find out why would child sex ratio have declined 18 point when sex ratio (all age groups) had increased to 6 points in 2001?

(iv) Mention why the trends of the last four decades have been worrying?

Answer

(i) It is because prior to that decade it was generally believed that in this age group sex ratio runs always higher hence, this ratio was not recorded upto the decade of 1961 CE.

(ii) Perhaps, due of globalisation of economy, MNCs entered in India and opened their offices as also B.P.O segments here since 1990 onwards and females got bumper opportunities for employment in them. Thus, atrocities upon women were reduced to minimum. Moreover, certain legislations like Indian Succesion (Amendment) Acts were passed, women's participation in legislative assemblies and Parliament advocated during that phase of time. The communicative effect of these activities was enumerated and observed in 2001's census.

(iii) It was because new technology in medical science i.e., sonogram had been developed and used frequently to identify sex of the foetus and female foetuses were destroyed through abortion techniques.

(iv) It is because the sex ratio had fallen from 941 in 1961 to an all time low of 927 in 1991 CE.

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