Structural Change

Structural Change


You may be living in a very small town, may be in a very big city, a semi urban settlement or a village.

(i) Describe the place where you live.

(ii) What are the features, which make you think it is a town and not a city, a village and not a town, or a city and not a village.

(iii) Is there any factory where you live?

(iv) Is agriculture the main job that people do?

(v) It is the occupational nature that has a determining influence?

(a) Is it the buildings?

(b) Is it the availability of educational opportunities?

(c) Is it the way people live and behave?

(d) Is it the way people talk and dress?


(i) I live in Delhi. It is the national capital territory of India. Generally it is accepted that approximately. It is as old city of India as epic Mahabharata. During the time of Mahabharata it was called Indraprastha. It had been founded and destroyed at different ages by different people. It is accepted that Tomor Rajput made Delhi their capital after the rulers of Mahabharata age. It remained capital during the Delhi Sultanate period and largest span of time during the Mughal period also. The Britishers made it their capital in 1911. In place of Calcutta. Till date it is capital of India.

It is a centre of administration, foreign developments, head quarters of WHO, centre of trade and commerce as well as a centre of learning.

Delhi attracts visitors and tourists all around the year from different countries and nooks and corners of the world. Its population is increasing leaps and bounds due to several factors — political, economic, social, cultural, religious and so on.

(ii) The following features forced me to think the plane whose I line is a big city and it is not a village or a town.

(a) It is a declared metropolitan city of India. Its population is more than 1.24 crores. It is a very big city as far as area is concerned. There are more than 200 towns and nearly 200 villages within the territory of this city.

(b) It is the head quarter of Central Government of India. Here the President, Prime Minister, and all ministers of Central Government along with nearly more than seven hundred sixty members of parliament and several thousand officials and employees are living. There are several historical places and monuments and there are several temples, mosque, churches and gurudwara.

(c) Delhi is a big centre of commerce and trade. Lacks of traders and merchants come to purchase and sale these goods. Several thousands of people are doing their services in different fields and departments.

(d) There are four-five Universities and one hundred fifty colleges, training institute and academic departments. There is Supreme Court. The highest court of India. There is a High Court as well as several suborbinate courts. Though there is a Vidhan Sabha (State Assembly) but constitutionally it comes under D category of state as per constitutional provision. There is a Municipal Corporation (MCD) along with New Delhi Municipal Corporation (NDMC) along with Chawni Board and several village Panchayats All these local bodies work under state government as well as indirectly instructed or controlled by several ministers and departments. There are many railway stations and junctions along with few very big airports. Generally known as Palam Airport and Indira Gandhi International Airport.

(e) Our all three national festivals i.e., Republic Day, Independence Day and 2nd October or the birthday of M. K. Gandhi, the father of nation is celebrated every year with great pomp and show.

(f) All Ambassador of different countries and diplomats come and reside or have interaction with the highest and biggest leader and official of the country. Delhi is head quarter of all the three Armed forces, i.e., Army, Navy and Air force.

(iii) Yes there are many factories and industrial area in this city where several factories and mills work day and night. In several factories man and women work in shift. It is a great manufacturing of activities or production of goods.

(iv) No, agriculture is not main job of the people in Delhi. Service sector is the main sector of production. People work as officials, government employees, teachers, doctors, nurses, engineers, labourers, traders, property dealer, different types of artisian etc.

(v) Of course the occupational nature that has a determining on the production of this city as well as of the country. Different industry, trade and commercial activities as well as service sector contribute in National Income as well as in reasonably high per Capital Income of the area.

(a) There are very huge multistoreyed as well as very small and big size building in Delhi.

There are big hospitals, nursing homes, schools, colleges, universities. A multistoreyed building of Delhi Development Authority, Railway (Metro) station building can be seen. There are very grand and big five star and other hotels. Place for entertainment such as cinema, exhibition ground, museum, etc.

(b) Delhi having very sufficient availability of educational opportunities, students can get educational facilities from class nursery to twelth standard school. Major students can have academic educational opportunities at degree and post graduate levels in different colleges, universities, training centre. Professional colleges of education, medical science, engineering professional occupation, computers, information technology, etc. are working. There are very good educational distribution which prepare students on a large number IAS/IPS/PCS, etc.

(c) The people live peacefully and in communal harmony. They enjoy their life. Most of them are very hard working. They behave very properly and in cultural manner. People are co-operative. They face different problems such as shortage of water supply, electricity even transport, boldly, bravely with smile.

(d) In Delhi people talk in very effective manner. They generally say hello to their known people and they interact place of their work, parks, gardens, markets, bus stop and even railways and buses.

Most of the Delhi people are very particular for dress. They wear modern as well as traditional dresses. People of many Indian provinces and Union territories can be seen wearing their provincial and local dresses. They speak Hindi, English, Punjabi, Urdu, Tamil, Bangalore, Malayalam, Telgu, Kannar, Nepali, Sindhi and other languages.

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