Structural Change

Structural Change

Question

What are the effects of urbanisation?

Answer

(i) Urbanisation is a process by which people instead of living in villages start living in towns and cities. It involves process by which agriculture based habitat is transformed into non-agricultural urban habitat.

(ii) After independence remarkable changes have taken place. The proportion of urban population to the total population increased from 17.6 per cent in 1951 to 25.7 per cent in 1991.

(iii) The number of cities with population of one million or more increased from 5 to 23 during the same period. A large number of people from rural areas are shifting not only to big cities but even to medium sized cities and small towns. Migrants are mainly employed in manufacturing and service occupations.

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