Sociology And Society

  • Question

    Why is the study of the origin and growth of sociology important ? 


    The study of the origin and growth of sociology is important due to following reasons:

    (i) Auguste comte (of France) is called the father of sociology because he coined the sociology 1830, for that branch of science which studied human behaviour. Before his life time and during his life time most of the issue and concern of this discipline also date back to a time when European societies was undergoing greatly changes in that period (approximately 18 and 19th century) with the advant of industrialisation and capitalism.

    (ii) Without the study of origin and growth of sociology we can not understand several personnel as well as social issue. For example. In 18th and 19th century due to industrialisation several problem raise before people and government. Urbanisation or factory production are concerned to all modern society. No doubt these specific feature different. For example the problem of Urbanisation and factory production of India nay be different from advance western or European country. Indian society visit colonial parts and various diversities is different from the social setup of Britain or France. The people of India can know their problems or issues after the study of sociology because sociology of India reflects origin and growth of different individual or social problems.

    (iii) Indians are closely linked to the history of British capitalism and colonalism. Capitalism is the west centailed a worldwide expansion. No doubt colonialism was essential part of modern capitaism and industrialisation. The writings of western sociologist on capitalism and other aspects of modern society are therefore relevent for urderstanding social change in India.

    (iv) Sociology in India also had to deal with western writings and ideas about Indian society that were not always correct. These ideas were expressed both in the accounts of colonial officials as well as western scholars. For many of them Indian society was xontsant to western society. We take just one example here, the way the Indian village was understood and portrayed as unchanging.

    (v) Further more social anthropology in India moved gradually from a preoccupation with the study of 'primitive people' to the study of peasants, ethinic groups. Social clases, aspects and features of ancient civilisations, and modern industrial societies. No rigid divide exists between sociology and social anthropology in India, a characteristics feature of the two subjects in many western countries. Perhaphs the very diversity of the modern and traditional, of the village and the metropolitan in India account for this.

    NCERT Book Store

    NCERT Sample Papers

    Entrance Exams Preparation