Indian Sociologists

Indian Sociologists

Question

'It is not enough for the Indian sociologist to be sociologist he must be an Indian first.' Comment.

Answer
D.P. Mukerji declares that 'It is not enough for the Indian sociologist to be Sociologist.' He must be an Indian, that is he is to share in the folkways, mores, customs and traditions for the purpose of understanding this social system and what lies beneath it is beyond it.

2. The first task of sociologist is to understand the particular nature of all forces that sustain a specific society over the forces that sustain a specific society over the time. For this reason he emphasizes that sociologists of our country must understand the nature f tradition, which has conserved Indian society for centuries.

3. D.P. Mukerji believes that Sociology is never a defence of the statusquo. He stresses that “Sociology should ultimately show the way out of the social system by analysing the process of transformation.

4. Dhurjati Prasad Mukerji’s sociological analysis of the Indian society has the merit of showing that Indian society is changing but without much disintegration. He was, therefore aware that the study of the Indian social system needs a different approach to sociology because of its traditions, its special symbols and its patterns of culture and social actions.

5. The impact of economic and technological changes on Indian traditons, culture and symbol follows thereafter. D.P. Mukerji observes, “in my view, the thing changing is more real and objective that changing is more real and objective than change per se”.

6. According to D.P. Mukerji, the Indian Sociologists will try to synthes the of two approaches.

(a) He will adopt a comparative approach. A truly comparative approach will highlight the characteristics shared by the Indian society with other societies and also the specificity of its traditions.

For this cause, the sociologists will aim at understanding the meaning of tradition. He will carefully examine its symbols and values.

(b) Indian Sociologists will also take a dialectical apprach to understand the conflict and synthesis of the opposing forces of conservation and change.

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