Indian Sociologists

Indian Sociologists

Question

Write Ghurye’s views about rural and urban areas.

Answer
Govind Sadashiv Ghurye’s views about rural and urban areas :

1. G.S. Ghurye did not entertain the pessimistic view that urban or metropolitan growth resulted in depersonalisation of men and women. For him the large with its big complexes of higher education, research, judiciary, health services, and print and entertainment media is made of innovations that ultimately serve cultural growth.

2. The function of the city is to perform a culturally integrative role, to act as a point of focus and the centre of radiation of the major tenets of the age.

3. Not any city, but large city or metropolis having an organic link with the life of the people of its region can do this work well.

4. Any urban planner must, according to Ghurye, tackle the problems of (i) Lack of sufficient supply of drinking water, (ii) Human congestion, (iii) Traffic congestion, (iv) Regulation of public vehicles, (v) Insufficiency of railway transport in cities like Mumbai (vi) Erosion of trees, (vii) Sound pollution, (viii) Indiscriminate tree felling, and (ix) Plight of the pedestrians.

5. G.S. Ghurye was a staunch advocate of urbanisation. He, however, remained preoccupied for life with the idea of urbanisation securing the advantages of urban life simultaneously with nature's greenery.

6. Urbanization in India was not a simple function of industrialization. A large city or metropolis also functioned as the centre of culture of the territory encompassing it.

7. Link between urban centres and villages : The organic link between the urban centres and the villages was ignored during the British rule. Towns and cities began functioning as centres for producing industrial goods and for marketing industrial products made in India or in the U.K. to the rural masses.

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