Environment and Society

Environment and Society

Question

What is meant by social ecology ?

Answer
Social Ecology : 1. The school of social ecology points out that social relations in particular the organisation of property and production, shape environmental perceptions and practices.

2. Different social groups stand in different relationships to the environment and approach it differently. A Forest Department geared to maximising revenues from supplying large volumes of bamboo to the paper industry will and use a forest very differently from an artsean who harvests bamboo to make baskets. Their varied interests and ideologies generate environment crises have their roots in social inequality.

3. Addressing environmental problems requires changing environment-society relations, and this is turn requires efforts to change relations between different social groups — men and women, urban and rural people, landlords and labourers.

4. Changed social relations will give rise to different knowledge systems and modes of managing the environment.

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