Sets

Sets

Question

Prove the following by using the principle of mathematical induction for all straight n element of straight N:

1 plus 3 plus 3 squared plus....... space plus 3 to the power of straight n minus 1 end exponent space equals space fraction numerator 3 to the power of straight n minus 1 over denominator 2 end fraction

Answer

 Let P(n) : <pre>uncaught exception: <b>mkdir(): Permission denied (errno: 2) in /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/lib/com/wiris/util/sys/Store.class.php at line #56mkdir(): Permission denied</b><br /><br />in file: /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/lib/com/wiris/util/sys/Store.class.php line 56<br />#0 [internal function]: _hx_error_handler(2, 'mkdir(): Permis...', '/home/config_ad...', 56, Array)
#1 /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/lib/com/wiris/util/sys/Store.class.php(56): mkdir('/home/config_ad...', 493)
#2 /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/lib/com/wiris/plugin/impl/FolderTreeStorageAndCache.class.php(110): com_wiris_util_sys_Store->mkdirs()
#3 /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/lib/com/wiris/plugin/impl/RenderImpl.class.php(231): com_wiris_plugin_impl_FolderTreeStorageAndCache->codeDigest('mml=<math xmlns...')
#4 /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/lib/com/wiris/plugin/impl/TextServiceImpl.class.php(59): com_wiris_plugin_impl_RenderImpl->computeDigest(NULL, Array)
#5 /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/service.php(19): com_wiris_plugin_impl_TextServiceImpl->service('mathml2accessib...', Array)
#6 {main}</pre>
I.    For n = 1,
      P(1) : 1 equals fraction numerator 3 to the power of 1 minus 1 over denominator 2 end fraction space rightwards double arrow space 1 space equals space 2 over 2 space rightwards double arrow space space space 1 space equals space 1

∴     P(1) is true.
II.   Let the statement be true for n = m,  straight m element of space straight N

∴     P(m) : 1 plus 3 plus 3 squared plus space........... space plus space 3 to the power of straight m minus 1 end exponent space equals space fraction numerator 3 to the power of straight m minus 1 over denominator 2 end fraction     ... (i)

III.  
For   n = m + 1,                      
      P(m + 1) : <pre>uncaught exception: <b>mkdir(): Permission denied (errno: 2) in /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/lib/com/wiris/util/sys/Store.class.php at line #56mkdir(): Permission denied</b><br /><br />in file: /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/lib/com/wiris/util/sys/Store.class.php line 56<br />#0 [internal function]: _hx_error_handler(2, 'mkdir(): Permis...', '/home/config_ad...', 56, Array)
#1 /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/lib/com/wiris/util/sys/Store.class.php(56): mkdir('/home/config_ad...', 493)
#2 /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/lib/com/wiris/plugin/impl/FolderTreeStorageAndCache.class.php(110): com_wiris_util_sys_Store->mkdirs()
#3 /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/lib/com/wiris/plugin/impl/RenderImpl.class.php(231): com_wiris_plugin_impl_FolderTreeStorageAndCache->codeDigest('mml=<math xmlns...')
#4 /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/lib/com/wiris/plugin/impl/TextServiceImpl.class.php(59): com_wiris_plugin_impl_RenderImpl->computeDigest(NULL, Array)
#5 /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/service.php(19): com_wiris_plugin_impl_TextServiceImpl->service('mathml2accessib...', Array)
#6 {main}</pre>
or    straight P left parenthesis straight m plus 1 right parenthesis space colon space 1 plus 3 plus 3 squared plus.......... plus 3 to the power of straight m minus 1 end exponent space plus 3 to the power of straight m equals space fraction numerator 3 to the power of straight m minus 1 end exponent minus 1 over denominator 2 end fraction
  From (i), <pre>uncaught exception: <b>mkdir(): Permission denied (errno: 2) in /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/lib/com/wiris/util/sys/Store.class.php at line #56mkdir(): Permission denied</b><br /><br />in file: /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/lib/com/wiris/util/sys/Store.class.php line 56<br />#0 [internal function]: _hx_error_handler(2, 'mkdir(): Permis...', '/home/config_ad...', 56, Array)
#1 /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/lib/com/wiris/util/sys/Store.class.php(56): mkdir('/home/config_ad...', 493)
#2 /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/lib/com/wiris/plugin/impl/FolderTreeStorageAndCache.class.php(110): com_wiris_util_sys_Store->mkdirs()
#3 /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/lib/com/wiris/plugin/impl/RenderImpl.class.php(231): com_wiris_plugin_impl_FolderTreeStorageAndCache->codeDigest('mml=<math xmlns...')
#4 /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/lib/com/wiris/plugin/impl/TextServiceImpl.class.php(59): com_wiris_plugin_impl_RenderImpl->computeDigest(NULL, Array)
#5 /home/config_admin/public/felixventures.in/public/application/css/plugins/tiny_mce_wiris/integration/service.php(19): com_wiris_plugin_impl_TextServiceImpl->service('mathml2accessib...', Array)
#6 {main}</pre>

∴    straight P left parenthesis straight m space plus 1 right parenthesis space colon space open parentheses fraction numerator 3 to the power of straight m minus 1 over denominator 2 end fraction close parentheses space plus space 3 to the power of straight m space equals space fraction numerator 3 to the power of straight m plus 1 end exponent minus 1 over denominator 2 end fraction
open parentheses fraction numerator 3 to the power of straight m minus 1 space plus space 2. space 3 to the power of straight m over denominator 2 end fraction close parentheses space equals space fraction numerator 3 to the power of straight m plus 1 end exponent minus 1 over denominator 2 end fraction rightwards double arrow space space fraction numerator 3.3 to the power of straight m plus 1 end exponent minus 1 over denominator 2 end fraction space equals space fraction numerator 3 to the power of straight m plus 1 end exponent minus 1 over denominator 2 end fraction space space rightwards double arrow space fraction numerator 3 to the power of straight m plus 1 end exponent minus 1 over denominator 2 end fraction space equals space fraction numerator 3 to the power of straight m plus 1 end exponent minus 1 over denominator 2 end fraction
which is true.

∴   P(m + 1) is true.

∴   P(m) is true rightwards double arrowP (m + 1) is true
Hence, by principle of mathematical induction, P(n) is true for all straight n element of space straight N.




More Chapters from Sets