Amines

Amines

Question

On heating an aliphatic primary amine with chloroform and ethanolic potassium hydroxide, the organic compound formed is

  • an alkanol

  • an alkaneodiol

  • an alkyl cyanide 

  • an alkyl isocyanide

Answer

D.

an alkyl isocyanide

The reaction is an example of carbylamines reaction which includes conversion of amine to isocyanide.
straight R minus straight N with minus on top straight H subscript 2 space plus space CHCl subscript 3 space rightwards arrow from KOH to straight C subscript 2 straight H subscript 5 OH of space stack straight R minus straight N with plus on top identical to straight C with minus on top colon with Alkyl space isocyanide below

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