Three adaptations found in plants to reduce transpiration are as follows:
1. The leaves are covered by a thick cuticle: In evergreen plants, such as banyan, the
leaves remain covered by a thick waxy cuticle. This reduces the rate of transpiration.
2. Reduced number of stomata: The reduced number of stomata in the upper epidermis greatly reduces transpiration.
3. Narrow leaves: The leaves become narrower so as to reduce the surface area. In
some cases, the leaves are modified into spines as in xerophytic plants.