ICSE Political Science

Question 1

Give one example each of a unitary state which is democratic, and one which is a totalitarian communist state? 


i. Unitary State - UK 
ii. Totalitarian State - China

Question 2

What is Unitary Federalism? 


it is a form of unitary government system in which a single power, which is known as the central government, controls the whole government. In fact, all powers and administrative divisions authorities lies at the central place. 

Question 3

Mention two demerits of a written constitution. 


i. A written constitution cannot easily cope with the changes taking place in course of time.

ii. The constitution needs revision or modification to deal with such changes, a written constitution, being rigid, is not easily amenable to necessary modification or revision.

Question 4

What is the role of civil servants in policy formulation ?


They supply the data needed by political executive for formulating the policies and formulate several alternatives policies in respect of a particular sphere of government activity with its merits and demerits. 

Question 5

What is meant by single member constituency ?


A single-member constituency is an electoral district that returns one officeholder to a body with multiple members such as a legislature.