SSCCGL English Language And Comprehension

Question 61

In the following questions, read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
The recent change to all volunteer armed forces in the United States will eventually produce a gradual increase in the proportion of women in the armed forces and in the variety of women's assignments, but probably not the dramatic gains for women that might have been expected. This is so even though the armed forces operate in an ethos of institutional change oriented toward occupational equality and under the federal sanction of equal pay for equal work. The difficulty is that women are unlikely to be trained for any direct combat operations.
A significant portion of the larger society remains uncomfortable as yet with extending equality in this direction. Therefore, for women in the military, the search for equality will still be based on functional equivalence, not identity or even similarity of task. Opportunities seem certain to arise. The growing emphasis on deterrence is bound to offer increasing scope for women to become involved in novel types of noncombat military assignments.
The passage implies which of the following is a factor conducive to a more equitable representation of women in the United States armed forces that has existed in the past?

  • The all-volunteer character of the present armed forces.

  • The past service records of women who had assignments functionally equivalent to men's assignments.

  • The level of awareness on the part of the larger society of military issues.

  • An increased decline in the proportion of deterrence oriented noncombat assignments.

Solution

A.

The all-volunteer character of the present armed forces.

Question 62

In the following questions, read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
The recent change to all volunteer armed forces in the United States will eventually produce a gradual increase in the proportion of women in the armed forces and in the variety of women's assignments, but probably not the dramatic gains for women that might have been expected. This is so even though the armed forces operate in an ethos of institutional change oriented toward occupational equality and under the federal sanction of equal pay for equal work. The difficulty is that women are unlikely to be trained for any direct combat operations.
A significant portion of the larger society remains uncomfortable as yet with extending equality in this direction. Therefore, for women in the military, the search for equality will still be based on functional equivalence, not identity or even similarity of task. Opportunities seem certain to arise. The growing emphasis on deterrence is bound to offer increasing scope for women to become involved in novel types of noncombat military assignments.
The primary purpose of the passage is to

  • present an overview of the different types of assignments types of assignments available to women.

  • analyze reforms in the new United States all-volunteer armed forces necessitated by the increasing number of women in the military.

  • present the new United States all-volunteer armed forces as a model case of equal employment policies in action.

  • present a reasoned prognosis of the status of women in the new United States all-volunteer armed forces.

Solution

D.

present a reasoned prognosis of the status of women in the new United States all-volunteer armed forces.

Question 63

In the following questions, read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
The recent change to all volunteer armed forces in the United States will eventually produce a gradual increase in the proportion of women in the armed forces and in the variety of women's assignments, but probably not the dramatic gains for women that might have been expected. This is so even though the armed forces operate in an ethos of institutional change oriented toward occupational equality and under the federal sanction of equal pay for equal work. The difficulty is that women are unlikely to be trained for any direct combat operations.
A significant portion of the larger society remains uncomfortable as yet with extending equality in this direction. Therefore, for women in the military, the search for equality will still be based on functional equivalence, not identity or even similarity of task. Opportunities seem certain to arise. The growing emphasis on deterrence is bound to offer increasing scope for women to become involved in novel types of noncombat military assignments.
Which of the following is closest in sense to the word 'novel' used in the passage?

  • new

  • prosaic

  • dull

  • boring

Solution

A.

new

Question 64

In the following questions, read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
The recent change to all volunteer armed forces in the United States will eventually produce a gradual increase in the proportion of women in the armed forces and in the variety of women's assignments, but probably not the dramatic gains for women that might have been expected. This is so even though the armed forces operate in an ethos of institutional change oriented toward occupational equality and under the federal sanction of equal pay for equal work. The difficulty is that women are unlikely to be trained for any direct combat operations.
A significant portion of the larger society remains uncomfortable as yet with extending equality in this direction. Therefore, for women in the military, the search for equality will still be based on functional equivalence, not identity or even similarity of task. Opportunities seem certain to arise. The growing emphasis on deterrence is bound to offer increasing scope for women to become involved in novel types of noncombat military assignments.
It can be inferred from the passage that after the recent change

  • Some join willingly, some are forced

  • Everyone joins the military under compulsion.

  • Men are forced, women join willingly.

  • Everyone joins the military willingly.

Solution

D.

Everyone joins the military willingly.

Question 65

In the following questions, read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
The recent change to all volunteer armed forces in the United States will eventually produce a gradual increase in the proportion of women in the armed forces and in the variety of women's assignments, but probably not the dramatic gains for women that might have been expected. This is so even though the armed forces operate in an ethos of institutional change oriented toward occupational equality and under the federal sanction of equal pay for equal work. The difficulty is that women are unlikely to be trained for any direct combat operations.
A significant portion of the larger society remains uncomfortable as yet with extending equality in this direction. Therefore, for women in the military, the search for equality will still be based on functional equivalence, not identity or even similarity of task. Opportunities seem certain to arise. The growing emphasis on deterrence is bound to offer increasing scope for women to become involved in novel types of noncombat military assignments.
The word 'opportunities' used in the passage may be replaced by all except

  • openings

  • failures

  • scope

  • prospects

Solution

B.

failures