SSCCGL English Language And Comprehension

Question 56

In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer to each question out of the four alternative and fill in the blanks.
While threatening the (53) of universal values, the campaign to spread democracy will not succeed. The twentieth century (54) that states could not simply remake the world or abbreviate historical transformations. Nor can they easily effect social change by transferring institutions (55) borders. Even within the ranks of territorial nation-states, the conditions for (56)  democratic government are rare; an existing state enjoying legitimacy, consent, and the ability to mediate conflicts between groups. Without such consensus, there is no single sovereign people, and therefore no (57) for arithmetical majorities.

 

  • effable

  • effective

  • effusive

  • effervescent

Solution

B.

effective

Question 57

In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer to each question out of the four alternative and fill in the blanks.
While threatening the (53) of universal values, the campaign to spread democracy will not succeed. The twentieth century (54) that states could not simply remake the world or abbreviate historical transformations. Nor can they easily effect social change by transferring institutions (55) borders. Even within the ranks of territorial nation-states, the conditions for (56)  democratic government are rare; an existing state enjoying legitimacy, consent, and the ability to mediate conflicts between groups. Without such consensus, there is no single sovereign people, and therefore no (57) for arithmetical majorities.

 

  • decency

  • parity

  • legitimacy

  • effectiveness

Solution

C.

legitimacy

Question 58

In the following questions, read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
The recent change to all volunteer armed forces in the United States will eventually produce a gradual increase in the proportion of women in the armed forces and in the variety of women's assignments, but probably not the dramatic gains for women that might have been expected. This is so even though the armed forces operate in an ethos of institutional change oriented toward occupational equality and under the federal sanction of equal pay for equal work. The difficulty is that women are unlikely to be trained for any direct combat operations.
A significant portion of the larger society remains uncomfortable as yet with extending equality in this direction. Therefore, for women in the military, the search for equality will still be based on functional equivalence, not identity or even similarity of task. Opportunities seem certain to arise. The growing emphasis on deterrence is bound to offer increasing scope for women to become involved in novel types of noncombat military assignments.
Which sentence is an incorrect one?

  • The recent change to all voluntary armed forces in US will produce a gradual increase in the proportion of women.

  • The difficulty is that women are likely to be trained for any direct combat operation.

  • Opportunities seem certain to arise.

  • The difficulty is that women are unlikely to be trained for any direct combat operation.

Solution

B.

The difficulty is that women are likely to be trained for any direct combat operation.

Question 59

In the following questions, read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
The recent change to all volunteer armed forces in the United States will eventually produce a gradual increase in the proportion of women in the armed forces and in the variety of women's assignments, but probably not the dramatic gains for women that might have been expected. This is so even though the armed forces operate in an ethos of institutional change oriented toward occupational equality and under the federal sanction of equal pay for equal work. The difficulty is that women are unlikely to be trained for any direct combat operations.
A significant portion of the larger society remains uncomfortable as yet with extending equality in this direction. Therefore, for women in the military, the search for equality will still be based on functional equivalence, not identity or even similarity of task. Opportunities seem certain to arise. The growing emphasis on deterrence is bound to offer increasing scope for women to become involved in novel types of noncombat military assignments.
A suitable title for the passage might be

  • Current status of women in US military.

  • Current status of women in US navy.

  • Current status of women in US airforce.

  • Current status of women in US teaching service.

Solution

A.

Current status of women in US military.

Question 60

In the following questions, read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
The recent change to all volunteer armed forces in the United States will eventually produce a gradual increase in the proportion of women in the armed forces and in the variety of women's assignments, but probably not the dramatic gains for women that might have been expected. This is so even though the armed forces operate in an ethos of institutional change oriented toward occupational equality and under the federal sanction of equal pay for equal work. The difficulty is that women are unlikely to be trained for any direct combat operations.
A significant portion of the larger society remains uncomfortable as yet with extending equality in this direction. Therefore, for women in the military, the search for equality will still be based on functional equivalence, not identity or even similarity of task. Opportunities seem certain to arise. The growing emphasis on deterrence is bound to offer increasing scope for women to become involved in novel types of noncombat military assignments.
According to the passage, despite the United States armed forces' commitment to occupational equality for women in the military, certain other factors preclude women

  • being assigned all of the military tasks that are assigned to men.

  • drawing assignments from a wider range of assignments than before.

  • having access to positions of responsibility

  • receiving equal pay for equal work

Solution

A.

being assigned all of the military tasks that are assigned to men.