The Second World War

Question 9
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With the surrender of Japan, the second World War was finally over. The War had far - reaching consequences. Against the background, write short notes on :

The division of Germany.

 

Solution

The World war brought the end of Hitler and Nazism. Germany was divided into zones, each zone under the army of each of the Allied Powers.
i. The Federal Republic of Germany commonly known as  West Germany was administered by the UK. France and the US with Bonn as the capital.
ii. The German Democratic Republic known as East Germany was administrated by the Soviet Union with East Berlin as the capital. 

Question 10
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With the surrender of Japan, the second World War was finally over. The War had far - reaching consequences. Against the background, write short notes on :

Division of the world into two powers Blocs.

Solution

i. The USA : By using the atom bomb to crush Japan, she emerged as a super military and economic  power.
ii. The Soviet Union : The Russsian empire was greatly expanded. It included half of Poland, Ethunia, Latavia, Lithuania, Finland and many parts of Germany. It also emerged as a dominant power in World politics and occupied positions of leader of the Communist Bloc.

Question 11
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With reference to the cause of the Second World War answer the following :

(a) (i) Explain how the ideologies of Fascism and Nazism led to the Second World War.

(ii) How did the Japanese invasion of China create conditions for the Outbreak of the war?

(b) Explain the consequences of the war with reference to the formation of the United Nations.

Solution

(a) (i) Italy had to spend a lot of money during the first World War on her army and equipments. The government was not strong enough to maintain law and order in the state. In this situation of general lawlessness the fascist seized the power in Italy. They had an imperialistic attitude. Italy turned towards Germany and Japan and concluded a treaty of friendship leading to Berlin -Rome-Tokyo Axis in Opposition to Franco-British Alliance. In 1940, Italy entered the Second world War.
(ii) An important act of aggression after the First World was the invasion of China by Japan in 1931. China appealed to the League of Nations to declare sanctions against Japan but Britain and France, the leading members of the League did not give any attention. In 1933 Japan left the League and started occupying British and Americans properties in China but Britain and France followed the policy of appeasement thinking Japanese could be used to weaker China.
(b) The horrors of the Two World War and the failure of the League led to a meeting of the Big three - Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin in February 1945. They resolved to convene a conference of the representatives of all nations to draw up the Charter of the UN. This led to the establishment of the UN on October 24, 1945. 

Question 12
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What made Japan surrender to the Allies in August 1945?

Solution

The explosion of nuclear devices over Hiroshima and Nagasaki made Japan surrender to the Allies in August 1945.

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