Structural Change

  • Question 1
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    Mention one feature of Indian history.

    Solution

    India has a long and rich history.

    Question 2
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    Why is it important knowing Indian history?

    Solution

    While knowing about India’s past in ancient and medieval times is very important, its colonial experiences, particularly significance for comprehending modern India. This is not just because many modern ideas and institutions reached India through colonialism. It is also because such an exposure to modern ideas was contradictory or paradoxical.

    Question 3
    CBSEENSO12044271

    (a) Colonialism (b) Industrialisation (c) Urbanisation.

    Solution

    (a) Colonialism: Colonialism simply means the establishment of rule by one country lover another. In the modern period western Colonialism has had the greatest impact.
    (b) Industrialisation: Industrialisation refers to the emergence of machine production, based on the use of inanimate power resources like steam or electricity. A prime feature of industrial societies today is that a large majority of the employed population work in factories, offices or shops rather than agriculture.

    (c) Urbanisation: Urbanisation it is process of migration of population from rural areas and smaller towns to bigger towns and cities on a large scale due to social, economical and political causes.

    Question 4
    CBSEENSO12044272

    Discuss briefly that tea plantation industry in India was governed by colonial interest.

    Solution

    The British Government official reports show how the colonial government often used unfair means to hire and forcibly keep labourers and clearly acted on behalf of the British planters. From fictional and other accounts we get a glimpse of what life was for the tea planters in this industry.

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