Mention briefly two related developments, which are called a complex product of the impact of colonial rule in India?
The two mutually related developments, both a complex product of the impact of colonial rule in india were:
(1) The first deals with the deliberate and concious efforts made by the 19th century social reformers and early 20th century nationalists to bring about changes in social practices that discriminated against women and lower castes.
(2) The second with the less deliberate yet decisive changes in cultural practices that can broadly be understood as the four processes of sanskritisation, modernisation, secularisation and westernisation. Sanskritisation pre-dates the coming of colonial rule. The other three processes can be understood better as complex responses of the people of India to the changes that colonalism brought about.