Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles and Techniques

  • Question 1
    CBSEENCH11007365

    How many types of hybridisations occur in a carbon atom?

    Solution

    Carbon undergoes three types of hybridisations:
    (i) sp3 in saturated compounds,
    (ii) sp2 in all unsaturated compounds containing a double bond,
    (iii) sp in all unsaturated compounds containing a triple bond.

    Question 2
    CBSEENCH11007366

    What are homocyclic or carbocyclic compounds?

    Solution
    Cyclic compounds whose rings are made up of only one kind of atoms i.e. carbon atoms are called homocyclic or carbocyclic compounds.
    Question 3
    CBSEENCH11007367

    What are aromatic compounds?

    Solution
    Organic compounds containing one or more fused or isolated benzene rings and their functionalised derivatives are called aromatic compounds or benzenoids.
    Question 4
    CBSEENCH11007368

    What are heterocyclic compounds?

    Solution
    Cyclic compounds containing one or more hetero atoms (usually O, N, S etc.) are called heterocyclic compounds.

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