Legislature

Question 17
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What is meant by Ordinary Bill?

Solution

Proposal for making a law on any subject is called a Bill. Bills are of two types — Ordinary Bill and Money Bill. Ordinary Bill is that which is concerned with making of laws on matters other than money matters. The Ordinary Bills are of two types — Government Bill and Private Member’s Bill. A Government Bill is that which is introduced by a minister. A Bill which is introduced by a Member of Parliament other than a minister is a Private Member’s Bill.

Question 18
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What is the difference between a Bill and a Law?

Solution

The resolutions which are introduced in the Parliament for the purpose of making laws or changing old laws or amending the Constitution are all called Bills. When a Bill is passed by both Houses and it receives the assent of the President it becomes a Law.

The Bills are of two types (i) Ordinary Bill, (ii) Money Bill. The Ordinary Bill is that which is concerned with the general working of the country. The Money Bill is that which is concerned with the money matters.

Tips: -

M. Imp.

Question 19
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Write a short note on ‘Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution.’

Solution

Amending Power of Parliament:

The Parliament can amend the Constitution in three ways:

(i) By special majority in both the Houses of Parliament.

(iii) By special (2/3rd) majority of both the Houses of Parliament and the consent of more than half of the total states (at least 15 at this time because total states are 28) assemblies.

(iii) The third way to amend the Constitution is by passing the Bill by simple majority in both the Houses of Parliament.

Tips: -

Imp.

Question 20
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Enumerate the privileges of the members of the Parliament.

Solution

The members ofthe Parliament possess some privileges which are as follows—

1. A member of the Parliament has full freedom of speech in his House.

2. A member cannot be prosecuted for his speech or behaviour in the House in any law court.

3. No member can be arrested during the session of Parliament except on the basis of an offence of criminal nature and the prior approval of the Speaker or the chairman as the case may be.

Tips: -

V. Imp.

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