Legislature

Question 29
CBSEENPO11021445

Describe the position of the Legislative Assembly.

Solution

The Legislative Assembly plays a very important role in the administration of the state. It has almost all the legislative powers of the State. The Legislative Council can delay an ordinary bill not more than for 4 months and a money bill not more than 14 days. No law can be passed against the will of the Legislative Assembly. The Council of Ministers is completely under the control of the Legislative Assembly. The Legislative Assembly by passing a vote of no-confidence against the minister can remove it from the office. In brief, the Legislative Assembly enjoys an important position in the State.

Question 30
CBSEENPO11021446

Why we need a Parliament?

Solution

(i) We require it for law–making.

(ii) We require it as the centre of all democratic political process.

(iii) It also helps people of the country in holding the representatives accountable.

Tips: -

M. Imp.

Question 31
CBSEENPO11021447

Write a short note on Bi-Cameral Legislature.

Solution

Meaning of Bi-Cameralism — Bicameralism or a two-chambered Legislature which is now considered a political refinement, developed in England as a result of an historical accident; in other countries, it has been deliberately adopted. Today in most of the countries of the world there is a Bi-Cameral system of legislature. A few countries started with Uni-Cameral system of legislature but later on they established Bi-Cameral system of legislature. The second chamber has its merits and demerits but the merits outweigh the demerits that is why the Bi-Cameral system of Legislature is getting popular now-a-days. In almost all the big countries like USA., UK, India, Switzerland, Canada, etc. there is a Bi-Cameral system of Legislature.

Tips: -

V. Imp.

Question 32
CBSEENPO11021448

Briefly describe the composition of the State Legislative Council.

Solution

The Members of the State Legislative Council are not elected directly by the citizens. They are elected in following ways:

1. One-third of the members are elected by the State Legislative Assembly. These persons are not to be the members of the State Legislative Assembly.

2. One-third of the members are elected by the local bodies namely Corporations, Municipalities, Zila Parishads, Panchayats, etc.

3. One-twelfth of the members are elected by the teachers of not lower than Higher Secondary Schools. Teachers who have three years of standing are entitled to vote in the elections.

4. One-twelfth of the members are elected by the university graduates of at least 3 years of standing.

5. One-sixth of the total members of the Council are nominated by the Governor. These persons have special aptitude and specialization in the fields of literature, fine arts, science and social service.

Tips: -

V. Imp.

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