• Question 21

    How is the Lok Sabha more powerful than the Rajya Sabha?


    Lok Sabha is more powerful because:

    1. The members of Lok Sabha are directly elected while those of Rajya Sabha are indirectly elected.

    2. Money Bill cannot be introduced in Rajya Sabha. It originates in the Lok Sabha only. It is sent for recommendation to Rajya Sabha and not for passing. If Rajya Sabha does not return it within 14 days it is assumed to be passed.

    3. Lok Sabha controls the executive whereas Rajya Sabha has no effective control over the executive.

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    Question 22

    What is an Adjournment Motion?


    The Adjournment Motion is introduced by the members of Parliament in Rajya Sabha or in the Lok Sabha or in both the Houses as the case may be. The objective of introducing the adjournment motion is to invite the attention of the members towards the serious problem or even by suspending the routine work of the house. The Council of Ministers mostly opposes the introduction of this type of resolution. Because it can expose the policies of the government. Moreover, the opposition also gets the chance to criticise the government.

    Question 23

    Write a short note on ‘State Legislature’.


    The Indian Constitution has the provision for a legislature in each state of India. The state legislature consists of Governor and one or two Houses of Legislature, these are (i) Legislative Assembly, (ii) Legislative Council. But in most of the states of India there is one House of Legislature i.e. Legislative Assembly. Only seven states (U.P., Kamataka, J&K, Maharashtra, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana) are having Bicameral Legislatures. The State Legislature performs many functions but its main function is to make laws for the state.

    Question 24

    How is the Legislative Assembly formed? How are its members elected?


    Formation of the Legislative Assembly:

    1. The members of the Legislative Assembly are elected by the people of the concerned States.

    2. Every State is divided into constituencies on the basis of population.

    3. Every constituency elects only one member.

    4. Only such persons can take part in the elections who are 18 years old or above and have their names enlisted in the voters’ list.

    5. Votes are exercised secretly.

    Tips: -

    V. Imp.

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