What are the limitations on the powers of the State Legislature in India? Describe in more than 100 words.
There are the following limitations on the powers of State Legislature:
1. The bills, which seek to impose restrictions on the freedom of inter-state trade, cannot be moved in the State Legislature without the prior approval of the President.
2. The bills relating to the acquisition of private property for public purpose, after having been passed by the State Legislature, must be referred by the Governor to the President for his final approval.
3. If the Rajya Sabha passes a resolution by 2/3 majority of the members present and voting that a certain subject given in the State List has assumed national importance and, therefore, the Parliament should legislate on it, the State Legislature will not legislate on that subject.
4. Parliament can legislate on state subjects if that becomes necessary to fulfil any international treaty obligation.
5. When a proclamation of emergency is in operation, the Union Parliament is empowered to legislate with respect to any subject given in the State List.
6. State Legislature cannot initiate any amendment in the Constitution. A major portion of the Constitution can be amended by the Parliament itself; it does not require the approval of the States.
7. Parliament can make laws for a particular State on the State List when that State is placed under President’s Rule.