• Question 1

    How is the Lok Sabha formed? Explain in brief.


    Lok Sabha is the Lower House of the Parliament. It cannot have more than 545 members. Its members are elected by the people on the basis of universal adult franchise. Every citizen of India, who is 18 years old, has the right to vote in elections. The whole country is divided into electoral constituencies. Every electoral constituency has a population of about 5 to 7 lakhs. Two Anglo-Indians are nominated to it by the President.

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    Question 2

    How is the Speaker of the Lok Sabha elected?


    The Lok Sabha has a speaker who presides over its sessions and conducts its proceedings. He is a member of the Lok Sabha. The Lok Sabha elects him in its first sitting. The Speaker is normally a member of the majority party. But once elected, he has to conduct the business of the house impartially.

    Question 3

    Why can the Lok Sabha control the executive more effectively than the Rajya Sabha can?


    The Lok Sabha can control the executive more effectively because the executive is formed from the party or a coalition of parties that has a majority in the Lok Sabha. The second reason is that the members of the Lok Sabha are elected directly by the people. And thirdly the Lok Sabha has the power to remove the executive from office but the Rajya Sabha cannot remove the government.

    Question 4

    What is meant by the State Legislature?


    The state legislature consists of Governor and one or two Houses of Legislature, these are (i) Legislative Assembly, (ii) Legislative Council. But in most of the state of India there is one House of Legislature i.e. Legislative Assembly.

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