Question 57

Give one example of classical conditioning.


A person has just finished his lunch and feels satisfied. Then he sees some sweet dish served on the adjoining table. This signals its taste in his mouth, and triggers the secretion of saliva. He feels like eating it. This is a conditioning Response.

Question 58

Give an example of conditioned stimulus and unconditioned stimulus.


Suppose a child catches an inflated balloon which bursts in her hands making a loud noise. The child becomes afraid. Now the next time she is made to hold a balloon, it becomes a signal or cue for noise and elicits fear response. This happens because of contiguous presentation of balloon as a conditioned stimulus and loud noise as an unconditioned stimulus.

Question 59

Mention some major factors that influence learning a Conditioned Response (CR).


Some of the major factors influencing learning a CR are:

(i) Time relations between stimuli

(ii) Type of unconditioned stimuli

(iii) Intensity of conditioned stimuli.

Question 60

What is trace conditioning?


In trace conditioning, the onset and end of conditioned stimulus proceeds the onset of unconditioned stimulus with some time gap between the two.

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