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What is backward conditioning?
In backward conditioning, the unconditioned stimulus proceeds the onset of conditioned stimulus.
What is appetitive unconditioned stimuli?
Appetitive unconditioned stimuli automatically elicits approach responses, such as eating, drinking, caressing, etc. These responses give satisfaction and pleasure.
What is aversive unconditioned stimulus?
Aversive unconditioned stimulus are painful, harmful and elicit avoidance and escape responses.
What is positive reinforcement?
Positive reinforcement involves stimulate that have pleasant consequences. The strengthen and maintain the responses that have caused them to occur.