A skier starts from rest at point A and slides down the hill without turning or breaking. The friction coefficient is μ. When he stops at point B, his horizontal displacement is S. what is the height difference between points A and B?
(The velocity of the skier is small so that the additional pressure on the snow due to the curvature can be neglected. Neglect also the friction of air and the dependence of μ on the velocity of the skier.)
h = μS
h = μ/S
h = 2μS
h = μS2
h = μS
According to the question, the condition is shown in the figure
For a sufficiently safe-horizontal displacement △S can be considered straight. If the corresponding length of path element is △L, the friction force is given by μmg(△S/△L ).△L = μmg△S
Adding up, we find that along the whole path the total work done by the friction force is μmgs. By energy conservation, this must equal the decrease mgh in potential energy of skier.
Hence, h = μS