The Sermon at Benares

Question 29
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Through ‘The Sermon At Benares’ Lord Buddha exhorts us that death is inevitable and we need to overcome the suffering and pain that follows after the death of a dear and near one. Based on your reading of the chapter write a paragraph on, ‘How to Cope With the Death of a Loved One’.

Solution

How to Cope With the Death of a Loved One

The death of a loved one can be painful but what makes it even worse is its unexpected arrival. In such a situation, one must realize that death is a reality and no one can escape it. It reigns supreme over the life of the mortals. Death is common to all and is the essential and ultimate destination of life. All the grief, sorrow and sufferings and lamentations are simply futile as these cannot save the dying ones nor bring the dead back to life. So instead of lamenting, one should understand the truth of life and death. It will give us peace of mind. We will be free from sorrow and then move on the path of immortality.

Question 30
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What is a sermon? Is it different from a lecture or a talk? Can this word also be used in a negative way or as a joke (as in “my mother’s sermon about getting my work done on time…”)?

Solution

A sermon may be defined as a discourse for the purpose of religious instruction while lecture is discourse for the purose of instruction on any general topic and talk can be a formal as well as an informal discourse delivered to an audience. No, it can't be used in a negative way or joke. 

Question 31
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Find out the meanings of the words and phrases given in the box.

afflicted with   be composed  desolation,
lamentation    procure           be subject to

Solution
  • afflicted with - grievously affected especially by a disease
  • be composed - in a state of peace and serenity
  • desolation - the state of being desolated or ruined
  • lamentation - the act of expressing sorrow
  • procure - to get something by some action or effort
  • be subject to - the state of being in a situation when one experiences the authority or power of specific circumstances
Question 32
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Have you heard of the Sermon on the Mount? Who delivered it? Who do you think delivered a sermon at Benares?

Solution

Yes, The Sermon on the Mount is a collection of sayings and teachings of Jesus, which emphasizes his moral teaching. The sermon at benares was delivered by Gautam Buddha.

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