ATP stands for Adenosine triphosphate.
Formation of ATP: The energy released during respiration process is used to make an ATP molecule from ADP (adenosine diphosphate) and inorganic phosphate (P).
When the terminal phosphate linkage in ATP is broken using water, the energy equivalent to 30.5 kJ/mol is released.
Uses of ATP: ATP is the energy currency for most cellular processes. ATP is used to supply energy in the cells for the functions such as contraction of muscles, protein synthesis, conduction of nervous impulse etc.